Plants strongly cespitose, weakly rhizomatous, usually bright green, not glaucous. Culms 70-270 cm tall, 2-5 mm thick, many together, lowest nodes often pubescent, sometimes pubescent up to 1.5 cm below the inflorescence. Leaves exceeded by the spikes; sheaths glabrous or hairy; auricles to 1.5 mm; ligules 1.5-8 mm; blades 15-45 cm long, 3-12 mm wide, strongly involute to flat, abaxial surfaces glabrous, adaxial surfaces scabrous, 11-25-veined, veins subequal, prominently ribbed. Spikes 10-29 cm long, 8-17 mm wide, with 14-28 nodes and 2-7 spikelets per node; internodes 4-9 mm. Spikelets 9-25 mm, with 3-7 florets. Glumes 8-18 mm long, 0.5-2.5 mm wide, subulate distally, stiff, keeled, the central portion thicker than the margins, tapering from below midlength, smooth or scabrous, 0-1(3)-veined, veins inconspicuous at midlength; lemmas 6.5-12 mm, glabrous or hairy, hairs 0.1-0.3 mm, apices acute or awned, awns to 3 mm; anthers 4-7 mm, dehiscent. 2n = 28, 56.
Leymus cinereus grows along streams, gullies, and roadsides, and in gravelly to sandy areas in sagebrush and open woodlands. It is widespread and common in western North America. Leymus cinereus also resembles Psathyrostachys juncea, differing in its non-disarticulating rachises, larger spikelets with more florets, and longer ligules. Spontaneous hybridization between L. cinereus and L. triticoides-is known; the hybrids do not have a scientific name. The rhizomes found in some specimens may reflect introgression from L. triticoides through such hybrids.
Robust, densely tufted, 7-20 dm, with short or usually no rhizomes; lvs flat, 5-15 mm wide; ligule 2-7 mm; spikes straight and stout, 10-20 cm, sometimes slightly branched; spikelets (2)3-6 per node, 10-20 mm, (2)3-5-fld; glumes subequal, setaceous, 7-15 mm, only 0.5 mm wide; lemmas 8-11 mm, hirsutulous (glabrous), awnless or often with a short awn to 5 mm; anthers (3-)4.5-6 mm; 2n=28, 56. Moderately dry, open places; widespread in w. U.S. and adj. Can., e. to Sask., w. S.D., and w. Neb., and reported from Minn. (Elymus c.; E. condensatus, misapplied)
Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp.